NECO 2019 LITERATURE OBJ AND PROSE ANSWERS FROM EXAMCLASS.NET
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Life in Sodom and Gomorrah centers at the Kakria’s life with her family. A mother of three lovely children Obiora, Essie and Ottu. She lived In a decent neighborhood in Accra. Thus she ran into Fofo at the Agbloghoshie market while shopping for vegetables. Thus 14 years Fofo is a street child living in a part of Accra named “Sodom and Gomorrah” a place that is not good for anybody talk more of children. The fictional land of Sodom and Gomorrah is filled with abandoned boys and girls by their parents. This these street children are busy watching adult funks and drinking alcohol among them. There is no sex disparity in that they sleep together naked and under the influence of alcohol.
Fofo spends his Saturday night across the road with her friends but she finds herself smiling in the dream thus in that dream space, she saw herself living in a roof. In the same roof, she was sheltered when rain begins to fall, it is because of these experiences in the dream that Fofo was smiling while sleeping. This her dream is far removed from the realities of the life they live in Sodom and Gomorrah where they have no shelter. As it has been usual with children they defecate where ever they see not minding intruding eyes of people.
Thus Fofo is still dreaming when one of the street lords “poison” tries to rape her in her shack. There is also the experience of bullying everybody by another street lord called Macho.
Author Amma Parko seems to have lived in Accra and near the market place where the crime happened thus she evokes the vicious cycles of poverty and violence that drives children to street and women to prostitution. Thus life in Sodom and Gomorrah as it relates to “Amma Parko faceless ” can be best describes as a land filled with immorality and lawlessness. It can be described as a state of nature where life is short, nasty and brutish.
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The roles and significance of Max’s defence of Bigger Thomas is one that contributes to the message of the novel. During his defence, he exposes the illogisticalities. For instance, he highlights the absurdity in renting houses to blacks including Bigger’s family in the black belt and refuses to do so in other areas, thereby keeping many a stranger to the family chauffeur. He points out the contradiction in allowing a black man to be so close to the allures of western civilization only to deny him their enjoyment. Through his personal and professional counsel, he is able to move Bigger from a great deal of ignorance to a reasonable level of enlightenment. He is also able to make him feel like a man with dignity. It is the effect of these efforts which make Bigger wish not to die again.
Max role here is significant as the mouthpiece of the Blacks. He airs his views to the world through his defence on the exploitation and discrimination of the Blacks in the society. He stands for equality.
(i)Use of Irony: There is the use of situational irony in some of the episodes in the novel. Bigger has always seen very white person as his enemy. Every white person is a symbol of oppression to him. In meeting Mary Dalton,Providence bring a white friend his way. Mary is friendly towards Bigger as soon as she meets him. Unfortunately, his hatred for whites is what he is ready to give in return.The same feelings play out between him and Jan,another white person.While he develops intense anger and hatred towards this pair of lovers,he tend to see Mr Dalton as a nice and smart white folk. Rather than bring confidence to Bigger ,Marry and Jan’s Friendly overtures actually make him feel bitter and ashamed of himself. He feels humiliated.
It is also ironical that Jan,whom Bigger tried to blame his murder of marry on,would later steps o free same Bigger of culpability in the crime .He is the one who bring Max to Bigger to act as his counsel during his arraignment.
While the searching for Mary Dalton is ongoing,Mr Dalton announces the press his receipt of a kidnap note in which “Ten thousand dollar” is being asked as ransom money for the release of his daughter. He also announce his readiness to pay the money while imploring the reporters present to capture not only this in their stories ,but also his readiness to comply with their instructions. The abductor,If any,is right under Mr Dalton’s nose by the name Bigger. The so called abductor is right there while searches are aimed n other directions.
Another ironic situation is noticed with respect to Bigger’s Freedom. While restricting to a cell in prison ,he feels free whereas outside he feels constrained. similarly, before committing murder ,he often feels as if he is not living ,as if he is just a zombie being pushed around by others.However, with the murder of Mary and later ,Bessie ,he feels alive for the first time.He feels he had done something .His life is now meaningful. With this killing of Mary,He feels that he has “shed an invisible burden he had long carried”.
(ii)Use of Symbolism: From Richard Wright’s How Bigger war Born ,his introduction to the novel,it is easy to infer that some of the character in the narrative are used with symbolic intention. As far as this intention is concerned,the protagonist’s symbolic use is clear. According to the novelist ,the birth of Bigger goes back to his childhood” and there was not just one Bigger,but many of them,more than I could count and more than you could suspects “.All these many Bigger are fused into the Bigger Thomas of Native son. In other words,Bigger Thomas us a symbolic representative of the different attitude ,beliefs and reactions of blacks to the oppressive environment in which they find themselves. Characters like Jan,Max and Mary are also used symbolically to represent the liberal white folks who see nothing wrong in the idea of equality of all races and the oneness of humanity. These examples are drawn from the communist party by Wright probably because Communist were the most vocal and unpretentious advocates of this idea in the society depicted in the novel.
Mr Dalton is also a symbolic of capitalism in the Novel.He exploits the Blacks ,make his wealth out of them but turns around to give them an insignificant fraction f the wealth as charity and sign of goodwill
Another important use of symbolism in the novel can be seen in the case of the insane an brought into Bigger ‘s cell at the cook county jail.This supposedly insane an is put in jail because he has written a book to expose why blacks are treated badly n the country .According to the man himself ,he want to tell the president of the country how blacks like him are made to live in slums,where they buy food at higher prices ,where they pay tax but have no hospitals,where the school are “crowded that they breed preverts” and where blacks are hired last but fired first.Certainly these are most of the issue which make Bigger disgruntled with the white world .If he shares these views with the “insane man”, then he is also insane .By bringing the insane man into Bigger’s cell to give expression to these shared views ,the novelist demonstrates that any black man who is sane enough to challenge the white world is considered mad by the white world .Thus ,the ” insane man”becomes symbolic of Bigger’s insanity.
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