2019 WAEC GCE CRS/IRS OBJ And THEORY ANSWERS – EXPO/RUNZ
Moses was a prophet of the Abrahamic religions and the youngest son of Amram and Jochebed. It was Moses who was destined to lead the children of Israel from Egypt and receive for them the Holy Torah on Mount Sinai.
Story Summary of the Birth of Moses
Many years had passed since the death of Joseph. New kings were enthroned in Egypt who had no appreciation for how Joseph had saved their country during a great famine. The birth of Moses would mark the beginning of God’s plan to free his people from 400 years of Egyptian slavery.
The Hebrew people became so many in Egypt that Pharaoh began to fear them. He believed if an enemy attacked, the Hebrews might ally themselves with that enemy and conquer Egypt. To prevent that, Pharaoh ordered that all newborn Hebrew boys must be killed by the midwives to keep them from growing up and becoming soldiers.
Out of loyalty to God, the midwives refused to obey. They told Pharaoh that the Jewish mothers, unlike Egyptian women, gave birth quickly before the midwife arrived.
A handsome male child was born to Amram, of the tribe of Levi, and his wife Jochebed. For three months Jochebed hid the baby to keep him safe. When she could do that no longer, she got a basket made of bulrushes and reeds, waterproofed the bottom with bitumen and pitch, put the baby in it and set the basket on the Nile River.
Pharaoh’s daughter happened to be bathing in the river at the time. When she saw the basket, she had one of her handmaidens bring it to her. She opened it and found the baby, crying. Knowing he was one of the Hebrew children, she took pity on him and planned to adopt him as her son.
The baby’s sister, Miriam, was watching nearby and asked Pharaoh’s daughter if she should get a Hebrew woman to nurse the baby for her. Ironically, the woman Miriam brought back was Jochebed, the child’s mother, who nursed her own baby until he could be weaned and raised in the house of Pharaoh’s daughter.
Pharaoh’s daughter named the child Moses, which in Hebrew means “drawn out of the water” and in Egyptian was close to the word for “son.”
(i) he was a courageous leader:- he was not moved by the ill report of the people and with his faith in God, recorded victories over enemy nations
(ii) Complete love for the nation and people:- it made him a chosen instrument of delivering his people
(iii)Total faith in God:- he exhibited his faith in God always especially in the face of danger.
(i) Solomon’s unwise policies on Israel led to so many expensive projects that required a lot of men and material resources
(ii) His policies led to force labour in Israel
(iii) The citizens were heavily taxed to finance his expensive projects
(iv) Solomon’s unwise policies infested the land of Israel with idols his women brought into Israel and Solomon’s built high places for gods and his wives sacrificed to them
(v) Solomon’s unwise policies led to the breakdown of Israel as a corporate society
(i) Proud and arrogant as a result of accumulation of wealth and excessive power
(ii) Negligence to the social wellbeing of the people
Simon Peter, Thomas from Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together. Simon Peter told them that he was going out to fish, and they said, they will go with him. So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing. Early in the morning, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not realize that it was Jesus. He called out to them, and asked them if they haven’t gotten any fish and they said no. He said told them to throw their net on the right side of the boat and that they will find some fishes. When they did, they were unable to haul the net in because of the large number of fish. Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” As soon as Simon Peter heard him say, “It is the Lord,” he wrapped his outer garment around him (for he had taken it off) and jumped into the water. The other disciples followed in the boat, towing the net full of fish because they were not far from shore, about a hundred yards. When they landed, they saw a fire of burning coals there with fish on it, and some bread. Jesus then told them to bring some of the fish they have just caught. So Simon Peter climbed back into the boat and dragged the net ashore. It was full of large fish, but even with so many the net was not torn. Jesus said to them, “Come and have breakfast.” None of the disciples dared ask him, “Who are you?” They knew it was the Lord. Jesus came, took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. This was now the third time Jesus appeared to his disciples after he was raised from the dead.
(i) He must be selfless
(ii) He must be humble
(iii) He must be dedicated to following Christ and the Commandments
IRS THEORY ANSWERS
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
1. Wad duhaa
2. Wal laili iza sajaa
3. Ma wad da’aka rabbuka wa ma qalaa
4. Walal-aakhiratu khairul laka minal-oola
5. Wa la sawfa y’uteeka rabbuka fatarda
6. Alam ya jidka yateeman fa aawaa
7. Wa wa jadaka daal lan fahada
8. Wa wa jadaka ‘aa-ilan fa aghnaa
9. Fa am mal yateema fala taqhar
10. Wa am mas saa-ila fala tanhar
11. Wa amma bi ni’mati rabbika fahad dith
1. By the forenoon (after sun- darkens);
2. And by the night when it is still (or
3. Your Lord (O Muhammad has neither forsaken you nor hated you.
4. And indeed the Hereafter is better for you than the present (life of this world).
5. And verily, your Lord will give you (all i.e. good) so that you shall be well-pleased.
6. Did He not find you (O Muhammad an orphan and gave you a refuge?
7. And He found you unaware (of the Qur’an, its legal laws, and Prophethood, etc.) and guided you?
8. And He found you poor, and made you rich (selfsufficient with selfcontentment, etc.)?
9. Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression,
10. And repulse not the beggar;
11. And proclaim the Grace of your Lord (i.e. the Prophethood and all other Graces).
The lessons from this surah, Announce them all, whatever Allah has endowed to you, from merits, sustenance, goodness, and guidance”. Another tradition from the holy Prophet (S), as a general admonition, says:
“He who is endowed a blessing and it is not seen on him, is called an enemy of Allah and an opponent to His Bounties”.
We conclude this subject with a tradition from Hazrat Ali (as) who is reported to have said:
“Surely Allah, the Most Bountiful, likes bounties; and also likes to see the signs of His bounties on His servants.
The Battle of Khandaq, which took place two years after the Battle of Uhud, is one of the important battles that had an important role in eliminating the barriers blocking the development of Islam.
Ahzab is another name for the Battle of Khandaq, which was given this name due to the trenches (khandaqs) dug around Madinah upon the order of the Messenger of God in order to stop the attack of the enemy easily. The name Ahzab (groups) was given to the battle because along with he Qurayshi polytheists, Jews, Ghatafans and many other Arab tribes and groups came together in order to attack Madinah.
As it can be remembered, the Messenger of God had expelled Sons of Nadr, one of the Jewish tribes, from Madinah. They had gone to the north and settled in important places like Khaybar, Damascus and Wadi’l-Qura.
They wanted to relieve their suffering they felt because of being expelled from Madinah by talking against the Prophet and Islam wherever they went and by provoking people against Muslims.
One of the incidents that Sons of Nadr Jews caused to happen through their provocation, encouragement and leading is the Battle fo Khandaq.
The inauspicious idea, ‘walking all together against Madinah and eliminating the Messenger of God and Muslims’ was put forward by those Jews. Besides, the Qurayshi polytheists were always thinking of something like that and were always ready for such an attempt. They were aware of the fact that they could not stop the Islamic development, could not prevent Muslims from increasing day by day and could not stop the Messenger of God from enlarging his area of influence although they had won the Battle of Uhud. Almost all of the routes for their trade caravans had been closed. They did not want to be a mere spectator to this situation, which could destroy them economically. They wanted to weaken the influence of the Islamic state in Madinah in order to act easily.
The offer to walk against Madinah all together and to eliminate the movement of belief and Islam that was led by the Messenger of God in its own place was made by the leaders of Sons of Nadr Jews.
Abu Sufyan, the leader of polytheists said, “Are you sincere about this issue?”
The deceitful Jews said, “Yes. We came here to make a treaty with you about fighting Muhammad!”
Abu Sufyan was glad to hear it. He said,
“Then, welcome among us! Those who help us in enmity to Muhammad are the most beloved and acceptable ones for us!”
Then, he made the following offer in order to test their sincerity:
“However, we cannot trust you unless you worship our gods!”
The Jewish delegate, who could do all kinds of meanness for their evil intentions prostrated before the idols at once.
Thus, they agreed to walk against Madinah and to eliminate the movement of belief and Islam that was led by the Messenger of God in its own place.
‘An Abî Muhammad ‘Abdul-Lahi bn ‘Amri bn- ‘As’radiyal-Lahu ‘anhumâ qâla: “qâla Rasûlul-Lâhi sallal-Lahu ‘alayhi wasallama. ‘Lâ yu’ minu, ‘ahdukum hattâ yakûna hawâhu taba’an limâ ji’tu bihi’. Rawâynahu fi kitâbil hujjah
From Abu Muhammad, Abdullahi bn ‘Amri bn al-Qaeda ‘As who said: the Apostle of God said ‘No one of you is a true believer till his desire follows the line of that with which I have come with. ‘A sound tradition related in the Book of Proof.
The Hadith teaches us tgat:
(i) A Muslim has no alternative to the directive of Allah as preached by the Prophet (S. A. W)
(ii) A Muslim should not allow his own desires to override the directive of Allah as sent through Prophet Muhammad (P. B. O. H)
(iii) Abdullahi bn ‘Amr b. Al- ‘As who related this Hadith 41 of an-Nawawî was the son of ‘Amr.bn Al-‘As, the conqueror of Egypt and Palestine.
(iv) One should allow the teachings of Islam to guide him or her.
(i) Angels are created from light
(ii) Angel move very rapidly and permeate all realms of existence
(iii) Angel carry out whatever God commands them
(iv) Angel have no sexes and they have no evil commanding souls
(i) Jubril – To deliver the divine revelations from Allah
(ii) Mikail – To manage man’s mundane necessities
(iii) Izrail – Angel of death
(iv) Israfil – To blow the trumpet
(v) Maalik – Guardian of Jahannum
(vi) Ridwan – Guardian of paradise
(vii) Munkor – To question the dead
(viii) Nakir – To question the dead in the graveyard
(ix) Raqib – Sits on man’s right shoulder to record his/her good deeds
(x) Atid – Sits on man’s left shoulder to record his/her evil deeds
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