NECO GCE Geography obj and Theory Questions And Answers For 2018
Neco gce Geography Paper II (Essay)
Linear settlement is a normally small to medium-sized settlement or group of buildings that is formed in a long line. In Other Words Many follow a transport route, such as a road, river, or canal though some form due to physical restrictions, such as coastlines, mountains, hills or valleys. Linear settlements may have no obvious centre, such as a road junction. Linear settlements have a long and narrow shape.
Nucleated settlements are towns where buildings are close together, often clustered around a central point. The location of a nucleated settlement can be determined by a range of factors, including being easy to defend, close to a water supply or located at a route centre. A nucleated pattern often develops where defence is a priority, such as inside a meander (a bend on a river) or on a hilltop (for instance, Caerphilly).
(i) A town is a human settlement that is larger than a village.
(ii) A town is a distinct government entity while a village can be a part of a town or a separate settlement.
(iii) A town has an established marketplace where people can buy their necessities while a village does not have a market.
(iv) A town has a government security operatives guarding it while village has a group of people who volunteer to protect lives and properties, popularly known as vigilante
(v) Banks, stores, and other commercial establishments are located in towns rather than in villages.
Tourism is the activities of people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for leisure, business or other purposes for not more than one consecutive year.
(i) Direct contribution to GDP: Gross domestic product(GDP) generated by industries that deal directly with tourists, including hotels, travel agents, airlines and other passenger transport services, as well as the activities of restaurant and leisure industries that deal directly with tourists. It is equivalent to total internal Travel & Tourism spending within a country less the purchases made by those industries (including imports).
(ii) Total contribution to GDP: GDP generated directly by the Travel & Tourism sector plus its indirect and induced impacts
(iii) Total contribution to employment: the number of jobs generated directly in the Travel & Tourism sector plus the indirect and induced contributions.
(iv) Visitor exports: Spending within the country by international tourists for both business and leisure trips, including spending on transport, but excluding international spending on education.
(i) Poor Infrastructure
(ii) Terrorism and Security Challenges
(iii) Lack of proper management
(i) Provision of adequate infrastructure that support tourism
(ii) Tackling security issues within the country and bringing terrorism to a zero-level.
(iii) Government should ensure proper management of tourist centres
(i) Source of income: Sale of agricultural products like yam, meat, egg etc enables farmers to earn some form of income.
(ii) Foreign exchange earnings: The export of cash crops like cocoa, cotton, groundnut, palm oil enables the nation to earn foreign exchange.
(iii) Provision of clothing and shelter: Agriculture provides raw materials for clothing and shelter which are obtained from cotton and timber respectively.
(iv) Providing of market for industrial goods: Agriculture provides market for industrial goods like fertilizers, herbicides, farm machines and implements
(i) Education and modernization
(ii) Poor infrastructure
(iii) Government policies
(i) By training and raising the level of education. Skilled and educated workers can sustain the durability of mechanized farm tools. Modern agricultural education programs for farmers is a needed tool to change the current situation.
(ii) Upgrade the Agricultural Research Council to supervise, coordinate, and implement agricultural development.
(iii) Introduction of new government programs to provide the incentives for able-bodied youths to be involved in the farming.
SKETCH THE MAP AND LOCATE
(i) Concentrated in towns
(ii) Mainly import substituting
(iii) Depend on imported machinery/technology
(iv) Mainly light industries
(i) Availabilty of of raw materials
(ii) Regular supply of power
(iii) Nearness to market
(iv) Availabilty of water